A type of RNA that transports amino acids from the cell cytoplasm to the ribosome for protein synthesis.
Use in clinical context
Transfer RNA (tRNA) brings the correct amino acids to the ribosome and adds them to the polypeptide chain. Sometimes errors can occur and the wrong amino acid is incorporated into the polypeptide chain which may impact the structure and function of the final protein.
Amino acids | Cell | Cytoplasm | Polypeptide | Protein | Ribonucleic acid (RNA) | Ribosomes