Use in clinical context
Monosomy is a type of aneuploidy. For most chromosome pairs the embryo is not viable if one of the chromosomes is missing at fertilisation. The exception to this are the sex chromosomes. A single X chromosome can perform most functions on its own because it has evolved to do so in males where the Y chromosome has limited functional genes. Turner syndrome occurs when an individual has only a single X chromosome. As with other aneuploidies, monosomy can occur in cancer influencing tumour growth and progression, and response to therapyMonosomy can be identified using karyotyping or sequencing.