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Male reproductive cell (gamete).

Use in clinical context

Sperm are formed through the process of meiosis. Each sperm is haploid, it contains a single copy of each chromosome. The sex chromosome can be either an X or Y which determines the genetic sex of the offspring. Sperm contain the father’s genetic contribution to any offspring. During fertilisation an egg and sperm combine to form a diploid cell which goes on to become a complete individual.

Last updated on 30th May, 2019