A test that looks at a curated set of genes known to be associated with the development of a condition or a collection of clinical symptoms under investigation.
Use in clinical context
Finding a variant responsible for an individual’s disease or condition can be extremely time consuming. Panel testing can be useful because there are particular genes that are known to be associated with particular diseases and conditions, and these are good places to start looking for causative variants. For instance, a patient with a heart condition will be tested using a cardiac panel whereas someone with a suspected neurological condition will be tested with a neurological panel. A panel can range in size from as little as 5 genes to over 100 genes.