The exchange of genetic material either between or within chromosomes which occurs during meiosis.
Use in clinical context
Recombination during meiosis helps to produce gametes containing unique combinations of alleles. This ensures the chromosomes passed from parent to child are never identical and that, with the exception of monozygotic twins, all people are genetically unique. Errors can occur during recombination that can lead to particular diseases or conditions.
Allele | Chromosome | Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) | Gamete | Meiosis