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A small, specialised component of the cell with a specific function, for example nucleus, ribosome, mitochondria.

Use in clinical context

Each organelle performs specialised roles within the cell. At cell division, the organelles are duplicated and split between each of the daughter cells. Depending on cellular function the number organelles can vary. Nearly all cells contain most types of organelles, but some cells such as red blood cells do not.

Last updated on 31st May, 2019