Use in clinical context
Only a small part of the human genome, the exome, directly codes for proteins. While there is still a lot to be discovered about the exome, it is the most well understood part of the genome. Whole exome sequencing is a technique that can be used to analyse this region. Other parts of the genome have other roles, including structural and regulatory roles, but there is a lot that remains to be discovered about the function of the remaining genome.